Tokenomics in Crypto: A Beginner's Guide

Tokenomics in Crypto: A Beginner's Guide
Photo by Markus Spiske / Unsplash


In this beginner's guide, I'm going to break down tokenomics in simple terms. We'll cover the difference between crypto coins and tokens, the different classes of tokens, why tokenomics is important, and how to assess the value of a token.

What is the Difference Between a Crypto Coin and a Crypto Token?

Crypto coins and tokens are both digital assets, but they serve different purposes. Crypto coins are the native currencies of a blockchain network, like Bitcoin (BTC). They operate on their own blockchain and are used as a medium of exchange.

Crypto tokens, on the other hand, are built on existing blockchain networks, like Ethereum. They don't have their own blockchain but instead utilise the infrastructure of a blockchain platform. Tokens can represent various assets or functionalities, from digital collectibles to utility tokens for specific platforms.

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What are Tokenomics?

Tokenomics, a blend of "token" and "economics," refers to the study of the economic principles behind cryptocurrencies and digital tokens. It involves understanding how tokens work within their ecosystems, what influences their value, and their impact on the overall crypto market.

Classes of Cryptocurrency Tokens

Let's explore the different classes of cryptocurrency tokens:

ERC-20 tokens are the most common type of token and run on the Ethereum blockchain. They're widely adopted and used for various purposes, including crowdfunding for Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs) and as rewards within decentralised applications (DApps).

BEP-20 tokens operate on the Binance Smart Chain (BSC) and are fully compatible with ERC-20 standards. They're popular in the DeFi space because of their lower transaction fees and faster processing times.

TRC-20 tokens are native to the TRON blockchain and have a focus on scalability and quick transactions. They're used in various projects and DApps on the TRON network.

Classification Based on Functionality

a. Utility Tokens: Utility tokens offer access to specific products or services within a blockchain ecosystem. For instance, they may allow users to access features on a decentralised platform or pay for transaction fees.

b. Security Tokens: Security tokens represent ownership of real-world assets, like company shares or real estate. They adhere to relevant securities regulations, providing investors with certain rights and benefits.

c. Governance Tokens: Governance tokens empower holders to participate in decision-making processes within a decentralised platform. Token holders can vote on proposed changes or improvements to the network.

Classification Based on Use Case

a. DeFi Tokens: DeFi (Decentralised Finance) tokens play a crucial role in the rapidly growing DeFi space. They facilitate lending, borrowing, yield farming, and liquidity provision within decentralised financial applications.

b. NFTs (Non-Fungible Tokens): NFTs are unique tokens that represent ownership of digital art, collectibles, virtual real estate, and more. Each NFT holds distinct attributes, making it non-interchangeable with other tokens.

Why is Tokenomics Important?

Tokenomics is important for several reasons, especially for investors and projects within the crypto space.

  • Understanding token value: Tokenomics can help investors understand the value of a token and its potential for growth. Factors such as token utility, scarcity, and demand all play a role in determining a token's value.
  • Assessing project viability: For blockchain projects, sound tokenomics can contribute to their long-term success. A well-designed token economy ensures that the token's use cases align with the project's goals, fostering adoption and sustainability.
  • Decision-making and governance: Governance tokens enable community participation in the decision-making process, promoting decentralisation and transparency within a project's ecosystem.


I hope this article gave you a better understanding of tokenomics and how it works. Remember, the crypto world is vast, but with the right understanding, you can navigate it like a pro. Always do your research, stay updated, and, most importantly, have fun exploring this exciting and dynamic space!

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Please note that the information presented in this review is for informational purposes only and should not be considered as investment advice. It is important to understand that cryptocurrency assets are known for their high market volatility, and engaging in buying, selling, or trading them involves substantial financial risks. It is recommended to exercise caution and conduct thorough research before making any investment decisions. The responsibility for any financial consequences resulting from your actions lies solely with you.

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