What is Ethereum? A Beginners Guide

What is Ethereum? A Beginners Guide
Photo by Choong Deng Xiang / Unsplash

What is Ethereum?

Ethereum is a blockchain-based platform that runs smart contracts. Smart contracts are self-executing contracts that can be used to automate transactions. Ethereum is often referred to as a "decentralized application platform" because it allows developers to build applications that do not rely on a central authority.

Ethereum was created in 2015 by Vitalik Buterin. Buterin is a Russian-Canadian programmer who is also the co-founder of Bitcoin Magazine. Ethereum is based on the Bitcoin blockchain, but it has been modified to support smart contracts.

How does Ethereum work?

Ethereum works by using a distributed network of computers to record transactions. Each computer in the network has a copy of the blockchain, which means that there is no single point of failure. If one computer is hacked or taken offline, the other computers in the network will still have a copy of the blockchain.

When a smart contract is created, it is added to the blockchain. The smart contract is then encrypted and linked to the previous block in the chain. This creates a chain of blocks that is secure and tamper-proof.

Benefits of Ethereum

There are many benefits to using Ethereum technology. Some of the most notable benefits include:

  • Security: Ethereum is a very secure technology. The data in the blockchain is encrypted and linked together, which makes it very difficult to change or alter.
  • Transparency: The Ethereum blockchain is a transparent technology. All transactions that are made on the blockchain are visible to everyone in the network. This makes it very difficult to commit fraud or corruption.
  • Immutability: The Ethereum blockchain is an immutable technology. Once a block is added to the chain, it cannot be changed or deleted. This makes it a very secure way to store data.
  • Scalability: Ethereum is a scalable technology. The blockchain can be expanded to accommodate more transactions.
  • Interoperability: Ethereum is an interoperable technology. It can be used to interact with other blockchains.
3D illustration of blocks in a blockchain.
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Latest developments in Ethereum

  • The Ethereum 2.0 upgrade: Ethereum is currently in the process of upgrading to Ethereum 2.0, which is a major overhaul of the platform. Ethereum 2.0 is designed to be more scalable, secure, and energy-efficient than the current version of Ethereum.
  • The DeFi market: DeFi, or decentralized finance, is a rapidly growing ecosystem of financial applications that are built on Ethereum. DeFi applications allow users to lend, borrow, trade, and invest without the need for a central authority.
  • NFTs: NFTs, or non-fungible tokens, are a type of digital asset that is unique and cannot be replaced. NFTs are often used to represent ownership of digital assets, such as artworks, collectibles, and in-game items.


Ethereum is a powerful new technology that has the potential to revolutionize many industries. It is a secure, transparent, and immutable technology that can be used to record transactions, manage supply chains, and build decentralized applications. However, there are also some exciting developments happening on the Ethereum network, such as the Ethereum 2.0 upgrade and the growth of the DeFi market. I hope this blog article has been helpful and informative. If you are interested in learning more about Ethereum, I encourage you to do some further research.

For more educational content on Ethereum listen to the Crypto Unplugged podcast episode on the Ethereum Merge.

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